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HIV in the News

This page contains the most recent HIV related news from NAM aidsmap. You can read the full story by clicking on the headlines.

Ageing population of people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa associated with cardiovascular risk factors

An ageing population of people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy in countries in sub-Saharan Africa is associated with a significant increase in the prevalence of diabetes and obesity, according to an analysis of 44 countries with data from 2000 to 2016, published in the Journal of the International AIDS Society. ... full story

San Francisco HIV cases fall to a new low

The annual number of new HIV diagnoses in San Francisco has dipped below 200, falling to its lowest level since the peak of the epidemic in the early 1990s, according to the city's HIV Epidemiology Annual Report for 2018. Total new diagnoses fell to 197, with decreases seen in most population groups. However, diagnoses among African-American and Latino men showed an increase after declining for several years. ... full story

CRISPR gene editing can create cells immune to HIV

CRISPR gene editing was safe and moderately effective in introducing stem cells that lacked the CCR5 receptor and were immune to HIV infection after chemotherapy eradicated the immune system of a man with HIV and acute lymphocytic leukaemia, Chinese researchers report in The New England Journal of Medicine this week. ... full story

PrEP is reducing HIV diagnoses in US cities, independently of the effect of treatment

A study that compared pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) usage rates in 19 US cities with the rates of HIV diagnosis has found that the cities with the highest rates of PrEP use in at-risk people had nearly 16% fewer diagnoses than the cities with the lowest rates, after adjusting for the proportion of people with HIV on treatment with suppressed viral loads. ... full story

Fatty liver raises the risk of death in people with HIV and hepatitis C

People with HIV and hepatitis C co-infection who had fatty liver disease were twice as likely to die during a five-year follow-up period as their counterparts without fatty liver disease, French researchers report in Hepatology. The researchers say that using non-invasive measures of fatty liver disease can help doctors identify patients at higher risk of death and they urge investigation of other cohorts of people with HIV and hepatitis C to validate the fatty liver index. ... full story

Danish research underlines the importance of monitoring kidney function in patients doing well on antiretrovirals

The prevalence of impaired kidney function is low among white HIV-positive individuals with an undetectable viral load, Danish investigators report in HIV Medicine.  However, the rate was still double that seen in closely matched HIV-negative controls (4% vs 2%), and as a risk factor for impaired kidney function, infection with HIV was on a par with diabetes. Older age accentuated the risk of renal impairment for people with HIV. ... full story

Does hepatitis C virus remain in the body after successful treatment?

Persistence of very low-level hepatitis C infection after a sustained virologic response to hepatitis C treatment is an extremely rare event and is not associated with any liver damage, Spanish researchers report in Nature Scientific Reports this week. ... full story

Big falls in new HIV cases in France after achievement of two UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets

Expanding antiretroviral treatment to cover all people with HIV and reaching the second and third of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets have resulted in big falls in the proportion of people in France diagnosed with primary or recent HIV infection, investigators report in Clinical Infectious Diseases. Between 2013 and 2017, the proportion of newly diagnosed people entering care with primary HIV infection fell by a third, and over the same period, there was a 25% reduction in the proportion with either primary or recent HIV infection. ... full story

Treating drug addiction may reduce risk of viral rebound

Medication-assisted treatment to help manage drug addiction increased the likelihood that women living with HIV who use drugs would maintain an undetectable viral load, according to a Canadian study presented at the recent International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2019) in Mexico City. Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) using opioid agonists such as methadone or buprenorphine is a proven method for helping people reduce or stop using heroin and other opioids. ... full story

Community beliefs and social stigma negatively affect adolescents with HIV in rural Uganda

Adolescents living with HIV in rural Uganda are subject to negative community perceptions, stigma and structural vulnerabilities, according to qualitative research with adolescents and female caregivers. Protective factors included counselling, family and religious support as well as timely status disclosure. The study was conducted by Dr Scholastic Ashaba of the Mbarara University of Science and Technology and Dr Christine Cooper-Vince of Harvard Medical School and colleagues and published in the African Journal of AIDS Research. ... full story

Adherence to ART: is the gold standard still needed for viral suppression?

The levels of adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) regimens needed to achieve and maintain HIV viral suppression may be lower today than they previously were, conclude Dr Kathy Byrd of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and colleagues in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS). ... full story

Just under half of European gay and bisexual men want PrEP, but only 3% have taken it

A survey of close to 128,0000 gay and bisexual men living across Europe shows that just 3.3% have ever taken pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), although 7% had tried to obtain it and 45% would be likely to use it if it were available and affordable. Published yesterday, the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS) 2017 also shows that significant numbers of men do not know that ?undetectable = untransmittable?; that chemsex is reported by small numbers of men throughout the continent; and that internalised homonegativity and poor mental health are common. ... full story

The return of syphilis in Europe

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) recently published its annual epidemiological report and a technical report, highlighting that syphilis notifications are up 70% across Europe since 2010. ... full story

Co-infection with chlamydia and HPV associated with increased risk of pre-cancerous anal lesions in HIV-positive gay men

Co-infection with the bacteria that causes the sexually transmitted infection chlamydia and high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with presence of high-grade pre-cancerous anal lesions in HIV-positive gay and bisexual men, Spanish researchers report in the online edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases. The presence of both infections was associated with an almost ninefold increase in the risk of having the pre-cancerous lesions known as high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGAIN). ... full story

Combining statins and physical exercise has big benefits for people with HIV and high lipids

Statin treatment and physical exercise ? including resistance training and cardiovascular workouts ? has a range of benefits for HIV-positive people with high blood lipids, according to Brazilian research published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. Statins and exercise were individually beneficial, but the very best results were seen in individuals who combined the two. ... full story

TB clusters show where HIV treatment is missing in South Africa

Clusters of new cases of tuberculosis (TB) provide strong evidence of areas that need to be prioritised for improved antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage, and improved ART coverage is associated with a reduction in new TB cases, according to research carried out in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa, published in July in Nature Scientific Reports. ... full story

Curing hepatitis C may reduce inflammation in people with HIV

Successful treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) may lead to a reduction in immune activation related to leakage of bacteria from the gut in people with HIV/HCV co-infection, according to a study presented at the 10th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science last month in Mexico City. ... full story

HIV prevention failing to reach Asian-born gay and bisexual men in Australia

HIV diagnoses are going up in gay and bisexual men born in Asia who have recently arrived in Australia, while they are falling in Australian-born men. The disparity may be fuelled by exclusion from government-subsidised healthcare, including HIV treatment and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), researchers warn. ... full story

Massive decline in suicides of HIV-positive people since the introduction of combination therapy, but rate remains high

An analysis of deaths over 30 years in Switzerland shows that suicides fell dramatically after 1996, but have not declined further in men in more recent years as HIV treatment has continued to improve. People with HIV remained three times more likely than people in the general population to die by suicide, according to an analysis of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study report in the Journal of the International AIDS Society. ... full story

More sexual problems reported by middle-aged women living with HIV

Being HIV positive is associated with lower sexual function and a higher prevalence of sexual problems, according to research involving middle-aged women conducted in England and published in AIDS Care. Almost twice as many women living with HIV reported low sexual function, with two-thirds of women with HIV also reporting at least one sexual problem in the previous year. Postmenopausal status was associated with sexual dysfunction in women with HIV, an association that was not observed in HIV-negative women. ... full story

You can read older stories on the NAM aidsmap news page.