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HIV in the News

This page contains the most recent HIV related news from NAM aidsmap. You can read the full story by clicking on the headlines.

Could UK HIV transmissions really go down to near-zero by 2030? The latest report suggests so

The latest annual report on HIV diagnosis, treatment and testing in the UK should have come out, as they normally do, in advance of World AIDS Day, 1 December last year. It did not, due to the embargo on government publications during the general election campaign. ... full story

Gonorrhoea testing and treatment in Europe: survey reveals better testing for gay men, but gaps in resistance testing

Aside from HIV, gonorrhoea is the sexually transmitted infection that attracts the keenest attention, with 87 million infections occurring worldwide every year. In Europe cases have more than tripled since 2008, with gay and bisexual men accounting for 25 to 30% of cases, about ten times the rate in heterosexuals. ... full story

Truvada, not Descovy, should be the first choice for PrEP, US experts say

Although there are now two drug combinations which can be used for HIV prevention as PrEP, there is stronger and broader evidence for the older combination (Truvada), which should remain the first-line choice, four leading US doctors argue in the Annals of Internal Medicine today. The authors emphasise the excellent safety profile of both drugs. ... full story

Why do people turn down the offer of PrEP?

Less than half of individuals diagnosed with STIs or other markers of HIV risk accepted an active offer of PrEP, according to Canadian research published in AIDS and Behavior. Offers of a PrEP referral were made by nurses to people diagnosed with rectal STIs, syphilis, sexual contact with an HIV-positive individual and also those who had used a course of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, only 48% accepted the offer of PrEP. ... full story

Hepatitis C screening among PrEP users could eliminate hepatitis C infections in gay men in the UK

Increasing the frequency of hepatitis C screening in gay and bisexual men taking pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in the United Kingdom has the potential to reduce new hepatitis C infections in the UK by 2030, especially if the proportion of men taking PrEP increases to 25%, researchers report in the journal EClinical Medicine. ... full story

'Successful ageing' reported by most older women living with HIV in US study

Is self-rated successful ageing achievable in older women living with HIV, despite health complications they are likely to be confronted by? Published by Dr Anna Rubotsva and colleagues in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, a recent survey strongly suggests so: in 386 HIV-positive and 137 HIV-negative women, aged 50 years or over, successful ageing was reported by most women, with no differences by HIV status (83.7% and 82.5% in the two groups, respectively). ... full story

?I?m prepared to die to be cured of HIV? ? what did people mean when they said this?

An affordable, generally applicable cure for HIV infection is keenly awaited, even if we don?t yet know which research pathway will take us there. But how willing are people with HIV to risk harm by participating in research trials, if the positive outcome for them or other people might be a cure? ... full story

Natural selection is leading to more transmissible HIV in United States

HIV that is being transmitted in large population clusters in the United States is more likely to cause high viral load in people who acquire it, leading US researchers to conclude that natural selection is causing HIV in the United States to become more infectious and virulent. The study by Dr Joel Wertheim of the University of California San Diego, Dr Walid Heneine of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and colleagues is published in Nature Communications. ... full story

Trust and stigma affect gay couples? choices on PrEP and PEP

Both relationship-specific and structural factors influence whether coupled gay men living in New York City choose to use pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP/PEP) for HIV prevention. Some men ? particularly those in monogamous relationships ? felt that discussing PrEP and PEP in the context of a relationship could threaten the relationship by raising issues of trust, while others felt that it had the potential to enhance sexual health and satisfaction. ... full story

How GPs can build trust with their patients living with HIV

People living with HIV in the UK have high levels of GP registration and about two-thirds of these individuals have good experiences of using a GP, according to research recently published in BJGP Open. In-depth interviews showed that a ?good? GP took time to get to know their HIV-positive patients, accept them without judgement and offered continuity of care. ... full story

People with HIV and their doctors have different priorities for clinical care

When Americans living with HIV were asked to rank the priority issues to be covered during a routine clinical appointment, they ranked social issues such as stigma and social support far higher than their healthcare providers, who often wanted to focus on substance use. The study by Dr Rob Fredericksen of the University of Washington is published online by AIDS and Behavior. ... full story

HIV incidence starting to fall in the hardest hit communities in South Africa

Two separate studies from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa have been published in the last two months, both showing falls in new HIV infections in a region where over 20% of men and 40% of women are living with HIV. One study finds a 43% decline in HIV incidence in recent years in both men and women, with a larger and earlier decline in men. However, the other finds evidence only of a decline in young women aged 15 to 19, and none so far in men or older women. ... full story

Research supports offering PEP in advance in case of risk

Providing a prescription of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in advance of potential exposures to HIV may be a feasible HIV prevention strategy for individuals who occasionally put themselves at high risk of contracting the virus, according to Canadian research published in AIDS. The study involved 79 people who were given ?post-exposure prophylaxis in pocket? (PIP) over a three-year period. A fifth took PEP, with seven people taking more than one course. All started the treatment within the recommended timeframe, were highly adherent and follow-up rates were over 90%. ... full story

Older people living with HIV have an increased risk of chronic diseases associated with ageing

Older people with HIV have an increased risk of numerous chronic illnesses associated with older age, investigators from the United States report in Scientific Reports. These conditions included diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, lung disease and dementia. The researchers from the University of Southern California demonstrated that the association between HIV and chronic disease risk in older age was independent of the demographic and behavioural factors and other co-morbidities. ... full story

The Madrid Declaration ? a tool to improve sexual and reproductive health in Europe

The European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health (ESC) recently published a position paper on sexual and reproductive health issues (?The Madrid Declaration: promoting evidence-based SRHR policies with respect for human rights?). We spoke to Dr Cristian Furau, a specialist in obstetrics and gynaecology in Arad, Romania, and member of the ESC board, about the Madrid Declaration and its potential impact. ... full story

Cancer treatment can suppress immune function in people with HIV

People living with HIV who receive chemotherapy or radiotherapy to treat cancer may experience declines in CD4 cell counts, which increases the risk of death, according to a study published in JAMA Oncology. These results suggest that the immunosuppressive effects of cancer therapy should be considered in the development of cancer treatment recommendations specific to people living with HIV, the study authors wrote. ... full story

Thank you for 2019!

2019 has been an incredible year for NAM, and we want to say a huge thank you to all our supporters, friends and partners for everything we?ve achieved together. We relaunched aidsmap and brought the latest news in HIV prevention and treatment to people with 6 million visits to the site. Our most read story was Australian man appears to have cleared his HIV infection which has been read more than 11,000 times. ... full story

NAM wins awards at nOscars 2019

The nOscars awards is an annual celebration of sexual health work for black, Asian, Latino and other ethnic minorities. The evening is always spectacular, with music from NAZ?s Joyful Noise Choir and a host of celebrity guests. ... full story

PrEP users in Scotland are almost all gay and bisexual men

Over 3000 gay and bisexual men have been prescribed PrEP in the first two years of Scotland?s PrEP programme, with fewer than 100 individuals from other groups taking PrEP, according to a report published this week by Health Protection Scotland. ... full story

Most women in low- and middle-income countries find vaginal rings acceptable and easy to use

A systematic review published last month in PLOS ONE provides strong evidence that most women using the vaginal ring found it to be highly acceptable and easy to use, although a few women had some concerns. With increased use, women became more comfortable and satisfied with the ring, and also recommended it to others. ... full story

You can read older stories on the NAM aidsmap news page.