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HIV in the News

This page contains the most recent HIV related news from NAM aidsmap. You can read the full story by clicking on the headlines.

Removable PrEP implant produces high drug levels in rabbits; further studies planned

A small removable plastic implant resembling a tiny piece of dry spaghetti is capable of delivering sustained levels of the drug tenofovir, researchers told last month?s HIV Research for Prevention conference (HIVR4P 2018) in Madrid.The drug delivery capability of the implants was tested on rabbits and will now advance into tests on dogs ... full story

Thu, 15 Nov 2018

Viral load in semen rapidly rebounds to infectious levels during HIV treatment breaks

Viral load rebounds rapidly in semen to potentially infectious levels following interruption of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), according to French research published in AIDS.Increases in viral load in both blood and semen were observed within two weeks of treatment interruption. Four weeks after stopping therapy, all participants had detectable virus in their semen. Viral load in ... full story

Wed, 14 Nov 2018

PROUD qualitative findings: PrEP?s impact on sexual behaviour

Qualitative data from the PROUD study revealed that pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an important added prevention tool to strategies already in place for men in England having frequent condomless sex, according to a recent article in AIDS and Behavior. While approximately half of the participants indicated that they had made changes to other risk reduction strategies ... full story

Tue, 13 Nov 2018

Hepatitis C is detectable in rectal and nasal fluid

High levels of hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be found in the rectal and nasal fluids of people with high hepatitis C viral loads even when blood is not present, Austrian researchers reported on Sunday at the 2018 AASLD Liver Meeting. The findings reinforce the plausibility of HCV transmission through sharing of rolled-up bank ... full story

Tue, 13 Nov 2018

High prevalence and incidence of hypertension among South Africans starting ART

There is a high prevalence and incidence of hypertension (raised blood pressure) among HIV-positive people starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa, according to research published in PLOS One. A fifth of people were hypertensive when they started ART and a further 15% developed hypertension during follow-up.Traditional risk factors, including age over 40 years and being ... full story

Mon, 12 Nov 2018

Recent incarceration increases HIV and hepatitis C risk for people who inject drugs

People who inject drugs (PWID) recently released from prison or jail have a substantially increased risk of acquiring infection with HIV or hepatitis C virus (HCV), according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Recent incarceration was associated with an 81% increase in the risk ... full story

Mon, 12 Nov 2018

Transgender women taking PrEP have lower levels of PrEP drugs, especially in rectal tissues, than cisgender men

A study presented at last month?s HIV Research for Prevention conference (HIVR4P) in Madrid shows that transgender women who are taking feminising hormones and also taking pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) have levels of the PrEP drugs tenofovir and emtricitabine in their blood that are about 25% lower than those in cisgender men, and levels in ... full story

Fri, 09 Nov 2018

Early HIV treatment reduces the risk of liver fibrosis

Early antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the risk of liver fibrosis progression in people living with HIV, including in people who do not have co-infection with viral hepatitis, according to the results of the START study published in Hepatology.People with a high CD4 cell count (500 cells/mm3) who started immediate ART were about a third less ... full story

Thu, 08 Nov 2018

How has Glasgow responded to an outbreak of HIV among people who inject drugs?

Intensive efforts to reach people who inject drugs who have acquired HIV in a recent transmission outbreak in the city have resulted in high levels of antiretroviral treatment and viral suppression in a predominantly homeless population, clinicians and nurse specialists from Glasgow?s Brownlee Centre for Infectious Diseases reported in a poster discussion session dedicated ... full story

Wed, 07 Nov 2018

Fostemsavir, novel gp120 inhibitor, salvages nearly half of people with no other treatment options left

The recent International Congress on Drug Therapy in HIV Infection (HIV Glasgow) featured trials of several HIV drugs with modes of action different from the usual classes. Despite the overall success of antiretrovirals (ARVs), there remain a minority of people who, due to the development of intractable HIV drug resistance, still need what used ... full story

Wed, 07 Nov 2018

You can read older stories on the NAM aidsmap news page.