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Symptoms of HIV

When first becoming infected, most people will develop a short-lived illness that may be similar to flu (for example, fever, aches, fatigue and sore throat). After a few weeks, these will usually disappear, however not everybody will experience these symptoms.

There may not be further symptoms for many years, however during this time the virus is damaging an important part of the immune system known as the CD4 cells. When the CD4 cell count becomes low, symptoms including unintentional weight loss, diarrhoea, skin rashes, ulcers or thrush infections in the mouth and genitals, sweats (especially night sweats), unusual tiredness, nausea (or loss of appetite) and swollen lymph glands may appear. A HIV specific medication regime is usually very effective in managing this damage to the immune system.

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